Turf Toe is a condition that produces pain, stiffness and/or swelling at the base of the big toe. The name Turf Toe comes from the fact that this injury is especially common among athletes who play on hard surfaces, such as turf or basketball courts. The condition is usually caused by either pushing off repeatedly when running or jumping or by an injury such as jamming the toe.
Your provider will diagnose turf toe by examination. An x-ray may be performed to make sure that there is no break in the bone. Typically conservative treatment will improve the condition.
Common recommendations by providers will include rest, ice and elevation. Depending on the severity of your condition, you may need to consider utilizing crutches for a few days until you are able to walk normally. Icing for 20 minutes, four times per day, may also help relieve discomfort as well as reduce swelling and inflammation. It is also recommended that you try elevating the foot above heart level when possible. Click here to discover more information regarding conservative treatments, utilizing the RICE method.
Your provider may also recommend over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort or swelling. Please take these medications as recommended by your provider.
It is important to note that turf toe may be a slow process for improvement. This is more common if you do not let the area heal completely before returning to your activities. If you have this condition, it is important to discuss with your provider when it is safe for you to return to your sport or activity.
Source: ExitCare Patient Information, 2009 Exitcare, LLC