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  • Knee Ligament Injuries

    Knee Ligament Injuries

    The knee is a hinge joint made up of two bones, the thighbone (femur) and shinbone (tibia). Ligaments are tough bands of tissue...

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  • Knee Fracture

    Knee Fracture

    A fracture is a condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone.  In younger individuals...

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  • Knee Arthritis

    Knee Arthritis

    The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain-free movement in the joint.

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  • Chondromalacia Patella

    Chondromalacia Patella

    Chondromalacia patella is a common condition characterized by softening, weakening and damage of the cartilage.

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  • Jumper's Knee

    Jumper's Knee

    Jumper’s knee, also known as patellar tendinitis, is inflammation of the patellar tendon that connects your kneecap (patella)...

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  • Kneecap Bursitis

    Kneecap Bursitis

    Bursitis refers to the inflammation and swelling of the bursa. Inflammation of the bursa in front of the kneecap (patella)...

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  • Baker's Cyst

    Baker's Cyst

    The knee consists of a fluid called synovial fluid, which reduces the friction between the bones of the knee joint while...

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  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome

    Iliotibial Band Syndrome

    Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury resulting from the inflammation of the iliotibial band.

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  • Lateral Patellar Compression Syndrome

    Lateral Patellar Compression Syndrome

    Lateral patellar compression syndrome refers to pain under and around your kneecap.

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  • Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

    Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

    Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition in which a piece of cartilage, along with a thin layer of the bone separates...

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  • Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Tears

    Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Tears

    The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is a ligament that joins the kneecap (patella) to the thighbone (femur).

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  • Unstable Knee

    Unstable Knee

    The knee joint is one of the largest joints in the body. This highly complex joint has several tissues supporting...

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  • Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral Dislocation

    Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral Dislocation

    Patellar dislocation occurs when the patella moves out of the patellofemoral groove, (trochlea) onto the bony head of the femur.

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  • PCL Injuries

    PCL Injuries

    Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), one of the four major ligaments of the knee, is situated at the back of the knee.

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  • Chondral or Articular Cartilage Defects

    Chondral or Articular Cartilage Defects

    The articular or hyaline cartilage is the tissue lining the surface of the two bones in the knee joint.

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  • Recurrent Patella Dislocation

    Recurrent Patella Dislocation

    The patella (kneecap) is a small bone that shields your knee joint. It is present in front of your knee, on a groove called...

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  • Quadriceps Tendon Rupture

    Quadriceps Tendon Rupture

    The quadriceps can rupture after a fall, direct blow to the leg and when you land on your leg awkwardly from a jump.

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  • Lateral Meniscus Syndrome

    Lateral Meniscus Syndrome

    Lateral meniscus syndrome is characterized by an injury caused by the tearing of the cartilage tissue or a rare case...

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  • Osteonecrosis of the Knee

    Osteonecrosis of the Knee

    Osteonecrosis is a condition in which the death of a section of bone occurs because of lack of blood supply to it.

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  • Knee Angular Deformities

    Knee Angular Deformities

    Angular deformities of the knee are variations in the normal growth pattern during early childhood and are common during childhood.

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  • Osteochondral Defect of the Knee

    Osteochondral Defect of the Knee

    An osteochondral defect, also commonly known as osteochondritis dissecans, of the knee refers to a damage or injury to the smooth...

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  • Osteomyelitis of the Knee

    Osteomyelitis of the Knee

    Osteomyelitis of the knee also known as a knee infection is a condition characterized by swelling, pain, and tenderness...

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  • Knee Dislocation

    Knee Dislocation

    Knee dislocation is a condition that occurs when the bones that form the knee joint, namely the femur or thigh bone get separated...

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  • Medial Gastrocnemius Strain

    Medial Gastrocnemius Strain

    A medial gastrocnemius strain (MGS), also sometimes called “tennis leg”, is an injury to the calf muscle in the back of the leg.

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  • Knock Knees

    Knock Knees

    Knock knees, also called genu valgum, is a type of angular knee deformity in which the legs curve inwards at the knees.

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  • Chronic Hamstring Tendinopathy

    Chronic Hamstring Tendinopathy

    Chronic hamstring tendinopathy is a condition characterized by a deep pain in the buttocks and upper part of the back of the thigh.

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  • Bowed Legs

    Bowed Legs

    Bowed leg is a bony deformity resulting in outward curvature of one or both knees of the lower legs.

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  • Patellar Tracking Disorder/Patellar Maltracking

    Patellar Tracking Disorder/Patellar Maltracking

    Patellar tracking disorder, also known as patellar maltracking, is a condition in which the kneecap (patella) moves sideways...

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  • Spontaneous Osteonecrosis of the Knee (SONK)

    Spontaneous Osteonecrosis of the Knee (SONK)

    Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) is a painful knee condition of idiopathic or unknown cause that occurs spontaneously.

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  • Loose Bodies in the Knee

    Loose Bodies in the Knee

    Loose bodies are fragments of detached cartilage or bone inside the knee joint. These fragments may be free floating (unstable)...

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  • Patellar Tendinitis

    Patellar Tendinitis

    Patellar tendinitis, also known as "jumper's knee", is an inflammation of the patellar tendon that connects your kneecap...

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  • Meniscus Root Tear

    Meniscus Root Tear

    Meniscal root tears are characterized as soft tissue or bony root avulsion injuries or radial tears located...

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  • Periprosthetic Knee Infection

    Periprosthetic Knee Infection

    A very small percentage of patients (less than 1%) who undergo knee replacement may develop an infection around the knee joint.

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  • Medial Meniscus Syndrome

    Medial Meniscus Syndrome

    Of the menisci within the knee, it is the medial that is more easily injured. Differences in the anatomical attachments of the media...

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  • Osgood Schlatter Disease

    Osgood Schlatter Disease

    Osgood-Schlatter disease refers to a condition in older children and teenagers caused by excessive stress to the patellar tendon...

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  • Pseudogout

    Pseudogout

    Pseudogout is a type of arthritis that is characterized by the development of a painful swelling that occurs suddenly...

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  • Knee Joint Bursa Infection

    Knee Joint Bursa Infection

    Knee joint bursa infection, also known as septic knee bursitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the small...

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  • Quadriceps Tendon Rupture and Repair

    Quadriceps Tendon Rupture and Repair

    The quadriceps can rupture after a fall, direct blow to the leg and when you land on your leg awkwardly from a jump.

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  • Knee Effusion

    Knee Effusion

    Knee effusion also known as water on the knee or swollen knee is a condition characterized by swelling in the knee joint...

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  • Runner's Knee

    Runner's Knee

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome also called runner’s knee refers to pain under and around your kneecap.

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  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    Osgood-Schlatter disease refers to a condition in older children and teenagers caused by excessive stress to the patellar tendon...

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