Meniscal transplant surgery is typically performed arthroscopically with smaller incisions as needed to place the allograft. Your surgeon will usually make 2-3 small incisions (poke holes) around the knee. He or she then inserts a small camera and miniature instruments through the incisions. This allows your doctor to assess the structures in the knee.
If your orthopedic surgeon has determined that you would benefit from a type of meniscal transplant, it is important to be aware of typical pre-operative and post-operative instructions. Please speak with your surgeon’s nurse specifically if you have any questions regarding instructions. For example, you may be limited to the amount of weight you can place on your leg or you may be limited to the amount you are able to bend your knee. It is very important to discuss these instructions with your surgeon or his nurse regarding these instructions.
Source and for more information: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS)